Generalized Image Acquisition and Analysis

On Plenoptic Multiplexing and Reconstruction

Photography has been striving to capture an ever increasing amount of visual information in a single image. Digital sensors, however, are limited to recording a small subset of the desired information at each pixel. A common approach to overcoming the limitations of sensing hardware is the optical multiplexing of high-dimensional data into a photograph. While this is a well-studied topic for imaging with color filter arrays, we develop a mathematical framework that generalizes multiplexed imaging to all dimensions of the plenoptic function. This framework unifies a wide variety of existing approaches to analyze and reconstruct multiplexed data in either the spatial or the frequency domain. We demonstrate many practical applications of our framework including high-quality light field reconstruction, the first comparative noise analysis of light field attenuation masks, and an analysis of aliasing in multiplexing applications.


A Theory of Plenoptic Multiplexing

Ivo Ihrke, Gordon Wetzstein, Wolfgang Heidrich
In: Proceedings of CVPR 2010 (oral).


Multiplexing is a common technique for encoding highdimensional image data into a single, two-dimensional image. Examples of spatial multiplexing include Bayer patterns to capture color channels, and integral images to encode light fields. In the Fourier domain, optical heterodyning has been used to acquire light fields. In this paper, we develop a general theory of multiplexing the dimensions of the plenoptic function onto an image sensor. Our theory enables a principled comparison of plenoptic multiplexing schemes, including noise analysis, as well as the development of a generic reconstruction algorithm. The framework also aides in the identification and optimization of novel multiplexed imaging applications.
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title={{A theory of plenoptic multiplexing}},
author={Ihrke, I. and Wetzstein, G. and Heidrich, W.},
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