Generalized Image Acquisition and Analysis

An evaluation of optical flow algorithms for background oriented schlieren imaging

The background oriented schlieren method (BOS) allows for accurate flow measurements with a simple experimental configuration. To estimate per-pixel displacement vectors between two images, BOS systems traditionally borrow window-based algorithms from particle image velocimetry. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of more recent optical flow methods in BOS settings. We also analyze the impact of different background patterns, suggesting the use of a pattern with detail at many scales. Experiments with both synthetic and real datasets show that the performance of BOS systems can be significantly improved through a combination of optical flow algorithms and multiscale background.


Dynamic Display of BRDFs

Matthias Hullin, Ramesh Raskar, Hans-Peter Seidel, Hendrik P. A. Lensch, Ivo Ihrke
In: Proceedings of EUROGRAPHICS 2011.


This paper deals with the challenge of physically displaying reflectance, i.e., the appearance of a surface and its variation with the observer position and the illuminating environment. This is commonly described by the bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF). We provide a catalogue of criteria for the display of BRDFs, and sketch a few orthogonal approaches to solving the problem in an optically passive way. Our specific implementation is based on a liquid surface, on which we excite waves in order to achieve a varying degree of anisotropic roughness. The resulting probability density function of the surface normal is shown to follow a Gaussian distribution similar to most established BRDF models.
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AUTHOR = {Hullin, Matthias B. and Lensch, Hendrik P. A. and Raskar, Ramesh and Seidel, Hans-Peter and Ihrke, Ivo},
EDITOR = {Deussen, Oliver and Chen, Min},
TITLE = {Dynamic Display of {BRDFs}},
BOOKTITLE = {Computer Graphics Forum (Proc. EUROGRAPHICS)},
ORGANIZATION = {Eurographics},
PADDRESS = {Oxford, UK},
ADDRESS = {Llandudno, UK},
PUBLISHER = {Blackwell},
YEAR = {2011},
PAGES = {475--483},
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