Generalized Image Acquisition and Analysis

State of the Art in Computational Plenoptic Imaging

The plenoptic function is a ray-based model for light that includes the color spectrum as well as spatial, temporal, and directional variation. Although digital light sensors have greatly evolved in the last years, one fundamental limitation remains: all standard CCD and CMOS sensors integrate over the dimensions of the plenoptic function as they convert photons into electrons; in the process, all visual information is irreversibly lost, except for a two-dimensional, spatially-varying subset - the common photograph. In this state of the art report, we review approaches that optically encode the dimensions of the plenpotic function transcending those captured by traditional photography and reconstruct the recorded information computationally.

Projects

Interactive Volume Caustics in Single-Scattering Media

Zhao Dong, Wei Hu, Ivo Ihrke, Thorsten Grosch, Hans-Peter Seidel
In: Proceedings of I3D 2010.



Abstract

Volume caustics are intricate illumination patterns formed by light first interacting with a specular surface and subsequently being scattered inside a participating medium. Although this phenomenon can be simulated by existing techniques, image synthesis is usually non-trivial and time-consuming. Motivated by interactive applications, we propose a novel volume caustics rendering method for single-scattering participating media. Our method is based on the observation that line rendering of illumination rays into the screen buffer establishes a direct light path between the viewer and the light source. This connection is introduced via a single scattering event for every pixel affected by the line primitive. Since the GPU is a parallel processor, the radiance contributions of these light paths to each of the pixels can be computed and accumulated independently. The implementation of our method is straightforward and we show that it can be seamlessly integrated with existing methods for rendering participating media. We achieve high-quality results at real-time frame rates for large and dynamic scenes containing homogeneous participating media. For inhomogeneous media, our method achieves interactive performance that is close to real-time. Our method is based on a simplified physical model and can thus be used for generating physically plausible previews of expensive lighting simulations quickly.
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Bibtex

@INPROCEEDINGS{HDI:2010:VolumeCaustics,
author = {Hu, Wei and Dong, Zhao and Ihrke, Ivo and Grosch, Thorsten and Yuan, Guodong and Seidel, Hans-Peter},
title = {Interactive Volume Caustics in Single-Scattering Media},
booktitle = {I3D '10: Proceedings of the 2010 symposium on Interactive 3D graphics and games},
year = {2010},
pages = {109--117},
publisher = {ACM},
}
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