Generalized Image Acquisition and Analysis

Measuring BRDFs of Immersed Materials

We investigate the effect of immersing real-world materials into media of different refractive indices. We show, that only some materials follow the Fresnel-governed behaviour. In reality, many materials exhibit unexpected effects such as stronger localized highlights or a significant increase in the glossy reflection due to microgeometry. In this paper, we propose a new measurement technique that allows for measuring the BRDFs of materials that are immersed into different media.


State of the Art in Computational Fabrication and Display of Material Appearance.

Matthias Hullin, Ivo Ihrke, Wolfgang Heidrich, Tim Weyrich, Gerwin Damberg, Martin Fuchs
Eurographics STAR 2013


After decades of research on digital representations of material and object appearance, computer graphics has more recently turned to the problem of creating physical artifacts with controllable appearance characteristics. While this work has mostly progressed in two parallel streams – display technologies as well as novel fabrication processes – we believe there is a large overlap and the potential for synergies between these two approaches. In this report, we summarize research efforts from the worlds of fabrication display, and categorize the different approaches into a common taxonomy. We believe that this report can serve as a basis for systematic exploration of the design space in future research.


author = {Matthias B. Hullin and Ivo Ihrke and Wolfgang Heidrich and Tim Weyrich and Gerwin Damberg and Martin Fuchs},
title = {State of the Art in Computational Fabrication and Display of Material Appearance},
booktitle = {STAR Proceedings of Eurographics},
year = 2013,
pages = {xx--yy},
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