Generalized Image Acquisition and Analysis

State of the Art in Computational Fabrication and Display of Material Appearance.

After decades of research on digital representations of material and object appearance, computer graphics has more recently turned to the problem of creating physical artifacts with controllable appearance characteristics. While this work has mostly progressed in two parallel streams – display technologies as well as novel fabrication processes – we believe there is a large overlap and the potential for synergies between these two approaches. In this report, we summarize research efforts from the worlds of fabrication display, and categorize the different approaches into a common taxonomy. We believe that this report can serve as a basis for systematic exploration of the design space in future research.


Time-resolved 3D Capture of Non-stationary Gas Flows

Bradley Atcheson, Ivo Ihrke, Wolfgang Heidrich, Art Tevs, Derek Bradley, Marcus Magnor, Hans-Peter Seidel
In: Proceedings of SIGGRAPH Asia 2008.


Fluid simulation is one of the most active research areas in computer graphics. However, it remains difficult to obtain measurements of real fluid flows for validation of the simulated data. In this paper, we take a step in the direction of capturing flow data for such purposes. Specifically, we present the first time-resolved Schlieren tomography system for capturing full 3D, non-stationary gas flows on a dense volumetric grid. Schlieren tomography uses 2D ray deflection measurements to reconstruct a time-varying grid of 3D refractive index values, which directly correspond to physical properties of the flow. We derive a new solution for this reconstruction problem that lends itself to efficient algorithms to robustly work with relatively small numbers of cameras. Our physical system is easy to set up, and consists of an array of relatively low cost rolling-shutter camcorders that are synchronized with a new approach. We demonstrate our method with real measurements, and analyze precision with synthetic data for which ground truth information is available.
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author = {Bradley Atcheson and Ivo Ihrke and Wolfgang Heidrich and Art Tevs and Derek Bradley and Marcus Magnor and Hans-Peter Seidel},
title = {Time-resolved 3D Capture of Non-stationary Gas Flows},
journal = {ACM Transactions on Graphics (Proc. SIGGRAPH Asia)},
year = {2008},
volume = {27},
number = {5},
pages = {132},
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